Island of Hope – Island of Tears; Charles Guggenheim; National Park Service; AVA15996VNB1 1992 (1989);
From 1892-1954, Ellis Island was the port of entry for millions of European immigrants. Fascinating archival footage tells the moving story of families with dreams of opportunity, leaving their homes with what they could carry.
CINE – Golden Eagle Award 1990; Columbus International Film and Video Festival – Chris Award 1990; Earthwatch; Institute Film Award – 1991; National; Educational Film & Video Festival – Bronze Apple 1991.
Director: Charles Guggenheim; Producer: National Park Service; Creative Commons license: Public Domain; Credits; Uploaded by Public.Resource.Org under a joint venture with NTIS.
Rebroadcast of “Island of Hope – Island of Tears” is made possible on the Internet by a grant from Joseph McFadden of Philadelphia. Between 1892 and the early 1950s, nearly 15 million people streamed through Ellis Island in search of a new life. Here are the stories of those extraordinary immigrants, largely in their own poignant words. Coming primarily from Southern and Eastern Europe, and from widely diverse backgrounds, the émigrés represented in this remarkable volume recount their adventures with dignity, wit, and unflagging honesty.
From 1892 to 1954, over twelve million immigrants entered the United States through the portal of Ellis Island, a small island in New York Harbor. Ellis Island is located in the upper bay just off the New Jersey coast, within the shadow of the Statue of Liberty. Through the years, this gateway to the new world was enlarged from its original 3.3 acres to 27.5 acres by landfill supposedly obtained from the ballast of ships, excess earth from the construction of the New York City subway system and elsewhere.
Before being designated as the site of one of the first Federal immigration station by President Benjamin Harrison in 1890, Ellis Island had a varied history. The local Indian tribes had called it “Kioshk” or Gull Island. Due to its rich and abundant oyster beds and plentiful and profitable shad runs, it was known as Oyster Island for many generations during the Dutch and English colonial periods. By the time Samuel Ellis became the island’s private owner in the 1770′s, the island had been called Kioshk, Oyster, Dyre, Bucking and Anderson’s Island. In this way, Ellis Island developed from a sandy island that barely rose above the high tide mark, into a hanging site for pirates, a harbor fort, ammunition and ordinance depot named Fort Gibson, and finally into an immigration station.
Despite the island’s reputation as an “Island of Tears”, the vast majority of immigrants were treated courteously and respectfully, and were free to begin their new lives in America after only a few short hours on Ellis Island. Only two percent of the arriving immigrants were excluded from entry. The two main reasons why an immigrant would be excluded were if a doctor diagnosed that the immigrant had a contagious disease that would endanger the public health or if a legal inspector thought the immigrant was likely to become a public charge or an illegal contract laborer.
In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson declared Ellis Island part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument. Ellis Island was opened to the public on a limited basis between 1976 and 1984. Starting in 1984, Ellis Island underwent a major restoration, the largest historic restoration in U.S. history. The $160 million dollar project was funded by donations made to the Statue of Liberty – Ellis Island Foundation, Inc. in partnership with the National Park Service. The Main Building was reopened to the public on September 10, 1990 as the Ellis Island Immigration Museum. Today, the museum receives almost 2 million visitors annually.
Creative Commons license: Public Domain
This war included the longest siege in modern times. http://www.WatchMojo.com looks back at the events that led to the Bosnian War, as well as some of the key dates and events that occurred during this conflict.
July 6, 2011
He is best known as Dubya. http://www.WatchMojo.com learns more about the life and accomplishments of President George W. Bush.
21 October 2011 — The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) cannot feed its people for the “foreseeable future,” the United Nations relief chief reported today, urging the world to step up humanitarian support and not “turn our backs” on a population where an estimated six million people now depend on food aid.
Valerie Amos, the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator, told journalists after a five-day visit to the DPRK this week that the country remains “highly food insecure,” with daily rations recently reduced, unreliable food supplies, restricted agricultural production and many children left stunted.
The border fence that was built to keep illegal immigrants and narcotics out of the United States ends a couple of metres into the Pacific ocean. Captain Dave Myers shows Alastair Good where he has picked up swimmers, surfers, and boats laden with marijuana from Mexico.
“That’s Mexico over there,” says Captain Dave Myers, pointing to the Tijuana bullring 100 yards away from where he is sitting in his patrol car in Imperial Beach, San Diego.
“We used to come up here all the time as kids, go surfing, eat street tacos in Tijuana and then come back across.”
Those days are gone now. Two fences run along the Mexico-US border and video cameras mounted on 20ft poles monitor the barren strip of land 24 hours a day, giving the area the air of a demilitarised zone.
During his first week at Imperial Beach police station, Capt Myers joined a patrol at the border fence during severe fog. “All you could hear was the clink, clink of metal on metal, all around,” he said. “You couldn’t see the hand in front of your face but you could hear this noise everywhere, it was eerie.”
The noise was made by Mexicans putting ladders up to the fence and throwing their cargo and/or themselves over into America.
It is this determination that means law enforcement activity on the border is only likely to lead to the displacement of smuggling, rather than its eradication.
In 1996, Californians voted to pass Proposition 215, a law which paved the way for medical marijuana dispensaries in the state.
On November 2, California will be voting whether to approve Proposition 19, a law that would legalise the drug for personal recreational use.
French farmers on Thursday staged a protest in Paris, calling on the government to introduce protectionist measures against cheaper imports.
Fruit growers set out their stalls on the capital’s Place de la Bastille to sell their products at cut prices.
They say big supermarkets are destroying their livelihoods by buying non-French produce.
Raymond Girardi, secretary-general of the MODEF trade union, said the government should introduce a social tax on imports “to balance the price of imported products with the price of ours.”
For more than 60 years, Karen rebels have been fighting a civil war against the government of Myanmar.
An experiment in Guatemala in the 1940s that included U.S. doctors now has victims there seeking legal recourse. People were infected with syphilis to test the effectiveness of penicillin. (May 27, 2011)
This film warns that Americans will lose their country if they let themselves be turned into “suckers” by the forces of fanaticism and hatred. This thesis is rendered more powerful by the ever-present example of Nazi Germany, whose capsule history is dramatized as part of this film. There’s a great deal of good sense in this film and more than a bit of wartime populism: “Let’s not think about ‘we’ and ‘they.’ Let’s think about ‘us’!”
It’s interesting to think of this film in the light of Cold War anti-Communist politics, which really came into their own in the year this film was made. Were the witch-hunting politicians and citizens of the late Forties and early Fifties protecting the people, or were they themselves acting like “suckers?”
Producer: U.S. War Department
Sponsor: U.S. War Department
“We must prepare ourselves for the reality that in 30 years there will be 50 million Muslims living in America.”
DJ Academe loves bullshit, especially offensive bullshit.
The video presents mostly legitimate fertility and migration stats showing decline in Europe and growth among Muslims. The narrator’s dire tone indicates exactly how we should feel about too many Muslims. (Not good.)
The stats are presented with a laughable framework based vaguely “on research.” According to this video, no culture in history has ever maintained itself after falling to a fertility rate of 1.9. Several European countries have fertility rates below 1.9, and Muslims have high fertility rates, so Muslims are taking over the world from Europeans (or Christians or white people or something).
This argument is based on so many distortions of demography, history, and culture that dissecting them would make for a great homework assignment.
“Miral,” a new film by acclaimed director Julian Schnabel, is based on a book by Palestinian author Rula Jebreal. It chronicles the lives of four Palestinian women – from 1948 when the state of Israel was created to the 1990s. Through the four women, and especially Miral, the youngest, the film tells the story of the ongoing Israeli – Palestinian conflict. Director Julian Schnabel, a Jewish American, looks at that conflict through Palestinian eyes and that has sparked controversy among Jews in America. VOA’s Penelope Poulou has more.